"Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity"

It’s been 67 years since GA adopted the Universal Declaration of Human rights. In Article 1, it states that all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. However, the right of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) are seemed uncounted and excluded from the basic human rights. Based on this fact, discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity become the most controversial issue of human rights in recent times due to the rise of homophobic whose bad attitude and lack of legal protection in many states. People's perception towards LGBT put those LGBT people at risk of violence which includes killing, physical attacks, rape, torture, arbitrary detention, the denial of rights to assembly, expression and information, and  even includes the basic rights of employment, health and education.

Moreover, the death of Islan Nettles and Mark Carson in summer 2015 were just a single example of how the anti-LGBT movement have become a threat to humanity. At least over the last five years the anti-LGBT murders have increased by 30%. Despite the rapid movement of LGBT community, the atrocities of racist treatments have yet decreased. The issues it associated also varied. One prominent issue is the LGBT who happen to be people of color, experiencing racist treatment, which brings LGBT issue to an intricate sphere. The racial injustice has always been a goal the world fight against, but there lies the truth that the rooted perception of LGBT is undeniable. The injustice towards LGBT is somehow systemized and structured, even in a liberal country like USA, where 14 health disparities among LGBT people occurs. In addition to that, the immigration policy towards the LGBT migrants laces the LGBT people to be the subjects of harassment and abuse. Furthermore, the fact that the international community moves to achieve an equal development for all through Post-2015 Development Agenda, exacerbates the ugly truth that in many areas which become the central of development, the LGBT people are not being actively involved, and instead further marginalised by living under the poverty line. Thus, this matter accounts a profound impact to commitment that we ought to prove, to achieve an inclusive development for all.

In as much as there is a clear consensus about the apprehensive pattern of violence and discrimination directly targeting people perceived as belonging to or are indeed part of the LGBT community, as well as a recognizable discernment underlying in the actions partaken to reduce LGBT discrimination, the international community still remains sharply divided. Recent responses coming into view aimed at connecting the existing gap between international legal standards and national policies can be seen as possible comprehensive solutions. However, granted that such pattern continues to persist and has long been overlooked by governments, there remains no concrete guideline as to the prevention of discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. Therefore, the committee is looking forward to finding international practical solutions that will challenge existing discriminatory practices, and attend to the problem with respect to respective domestic leaderships and cultural norms of various states. Furthermore, combating discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, and safeguarding fundamental human rights of all, with of course, no exception of the LGBT, lies at the heart of the Human Rights Council’s mandate and the United Nations agenda.

Council Directors

Lian Du


Alfian Pala


Anisa Indah Pratiwi


Dear Best Delegates,

Allow us to welcome you to United Nations Human Right Council (UNHRC) of Bandung Model United Nations (BMUN) 2016! Alfian Mohamad Pala will serve as the Chair for this particular committee. Alfian is currently a third year student at Universitas Bakrie, majoring in Business Information System, under the Faculty of Engineering and Computer Science. he has plunged into the MUN world since his first year in college. He has experienced three National MUNs and two International MUNs. Chairing UNHRC for BMUN will be his second, his first was in International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) in JakartaMUN 2015. According to him, even though MUN is not match with his major, "doing MUN makes me spread my wings of knowledge and experience wider". Regarding the upcoming sessions, as a Chair, he is expecting a “substantial” debate in which delegates can direct the flow of debate into solution oriented speeches and produce an adequate resolution. He notes that although being ambitious in MUNs is allowed, he still hopes that the council would be able to create a comfortable atmosphere both inside and outside the conference room.

Alfian will then be assisted by Lian Du and Anisa Indah Pratiwi. Lian Du, 19, currently a senior studying International Relations Majoring in Asian Studies in the Faculty of Arts and Letters, in the University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines. Lian has been actively participating in debate and public speaking, and has served as an adjudicator to debate competitions prior to her involvement in MUN. She sees partaking in MUNs like hitting two birds with one stone: achieving great academic heights while mainly getting to travel. Lian has been to six International MUNs and this will be her second chairing experience next to USTMUN 2015. As for Lian, her passion for MUN continues to grow stronger, for more than honing an individual's skills in debating, negotiating, and forming sound resolutions, she sees it as an instrument in combating youth apathy in the world today. Furthermore, Lian wishes that delegates can gain as much knowledge and experience without the compromise of fun. However, it can be expected that she will conduct herself as objectively as possible. Anisa on the other hand is a  third year International Relations Undergraduate in Universitas Padjadjaran, began her MUN career in 2013 as a delegate and has become a chair in Padjadjaran MUN and several short diplomatic courses in Bandung. To her, the silver lining of joining MUN is that it challenges you to go beyond your comfort zone, to be astute in debates and research, to maintain diplomatic attitudes yet still ace in negotiating and leading blocs, and in the same time, excel your individual values by getting yourself acquainted with various people who inspire you to always strive to be better than your best.

As the three people behind this Council, we are working hard to ensure the upcoming BandungMUN, as well as UNHRC's committee sessions will be fun, empowering, and as successful as possible. Should you encounter any difficulties or simply wish to form friendships, do not hesitate to approach us. We are looking forward to meeting you all!